區塊鏈新基建:賦能產業新機遇

陳曄,吳嘯,蔡瑋

  • 出版商: 清華大學
  • 出版日期: 2022-04-01
  • 售價: $294
  • 貴賓價: 9.5$279
  • 語言: 簡體中文
  • ISBN: 7302602204
  • ISBN-13: 9787302602200
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本書系統地介紹了區塊鏈作為新基建的核心用途以及與其他互聯網技術的區別。內容 主要包括:區塊鏈基礎、區塊鏈通證詳解、區塊鏈賦能產業案例、央行數字貨幣DC/EP和 區塊鏈的結合,以及常見的區塊鏈技術框架解析。其中,區塊鏈基礎主要是為瞭解開大眾 對於區塊鏈的誤解,區塊鏈通證部分歸納了不同屬性的通證和運用場景,為未來區塊鏈和 通證結合提供了更多的視角和思路。區塊鏈技術框架部分列舉了目前幾乎所有新基建常用 的技術框架特性,同時也從技術角度切入,結合產業呈現了更多的思考。本書的目標讀者 是所有想充分瞭解區塊鏈新基建以及結合產業落地的人群。無論你是想系統地瞭解區塊鏈 的初學者,還是各個行業不同領域的創業者,或者是已經對區塊鏈有了一定程度掌握的行 業老兵,這本書都會讓你受益匪淺。

目錄大綱

目 錄

第1章 區塊鏈新基建

1.1 區塊鏈正在引發新的革命 ···························································2

1.1.1 “信任”正在慢慢地被重視 ·······················································3

1.1.2 區塊鏈與其他行業的關聯性 ·······················································6

1.1.3 為什麽區塊鏈會成為新基建 ·······················································9

1.2 區塊鏈的發展 ············································································11

1.2.1 區塊鏈的誕生 ············································································11

1.2.2 區塊鏈掀起第一波大的浪潮 ······················································12

1.2.3 區塊鏈在數字貨幣中的作用 ······················································13

1.2.4 區塊鏈的“鏈改浪潮” ·····························································14

1.2.5 區塊鏈對社會的意義 ·································································16

1.3 區塊鏈新基建正在拉開序幕 ·····················································17

1.3.1 價值需要回歸 ············································································18

1.3.2 放眼國家和全球 ········································································20

1.3.3 技術拼圖 ····················································································22

1.3.4 數字貨幣 ····················································································24

區塊鏈新基建:賦能產業新機遇   VIII

第2章 區塊鏈的概念和科普

2.1 區塊鏈的概念 ············································································29

2.1.1 什麽是區塊鏈 ············································································29

2.1.2 區塊鏈和傳統的技術有什麽區別 ··············································33

2.1.3 區塊鏈的目標是什麽 ·································································34

2.1.4 區塊鏈與大數據、雲計算、AI等其他技術的關系 ···················35

2.1.5 區塊鏈和大眾有什麽關系 ··························································36

2.2 區塊鏈科普 ···············································································37

2.2.1 區塊鏈無法創造新生態 ·····························································38

2.2.2 什麽是“去中心化” ·································································39

2.2.3 區塊鏈上的數據真的無法篡改嗎 ··············································40

2.2.4 區塊鏈和數據庫的區別 ·····························································41

2.2.5 聯盟鏈、公鏈目前發展瓶頸是什麽 ···········································43

2.2.6 區塊鏈中的通證是什麽 ·····························································45

2.2.7 區塊鏈和比特幣的關系 ·····························································46

2.2.8 區塊鏈中的挖礦是什麽 ·····························································47

第3章 通證經濟

3.1 什麽是通證 ···············································································50

3.2 交易通證 ···················································································53

3.3 激勵通證 ···················································································53

3.4 股權通證 ···················································································54

3.5 資產通證 ···················································································56

IX  目 錄

3.6 確權通證 ···················································································61

3.7 穩定通證 ···················································································63

3.8 通證的意義 ···············································································64

第4章 穩定通證

4.1 穩定通證概述 ············································································68

4.1.1 什麽是穩定通證 ········································································68

4.1.2 穩定通證的意義 ········································································69

4.1.3 穩定幣的現狀 ············································································70

4.2 穩定通證如何“穩定” ·····························································72

4.2.1 國家貨幣抵押型 ········································································72

4.2.2 “去中心化”和“中心化” ······················································75

4.2.3 數字貨幣抵押型 ········································································77

4.2.4 資產抵押型 ················································································82

4.2.5 混合抵押型 ················································································83

4.3 預言機 ·······················································································84

4.3.1 預言機是什麽 ············································································84

4.3.2 對於預言機的誤解 ·····································································85

4.3.3 預言機的類型 ············································································86

4.3.4 預言機面臨的問題 ·····································································87

4.3.5 預言機案例 ················································································89

第5章 數字活動和電子支付

5.1 DC/EP ·······················································································98

5.1.1 DC/EP是什麽 ············································································98

5.1.2 DC/EP帶來的思考 ··································································102

5.1.3 關於DC/EP未來發展的猜想 ··················································103

5.2 詳解DC/EP的各個屬性 ·························································107

5.2.1 DC/EP和區塊鏈技術的關系 ···················································107

5.2.2 DC/EP的無限法償性是什麽 ···················································108

5.2.3 DC/EP為何可以無網支付 ·······················································109

5.2.4 DC/EP的匿名性 ······································································111

5.2.5 DC/EP和微信以及支付寶的關系是什麽 ·································111

第6章 區塊鏈人才教育和培養

6.1 區塊鏈的特殊性 ······································································116

6.1.1 技術和思想 ··············································································116

6.1.2 區塊鏈全景 ··············································································119

6.2 區塊鏈人才教育 ······································································120

6.2.1 工信部區塊鏈人才教育 ···························································121

6.2.2 人社部區塊鏈新崗位 ·······························································122

6.2.3 教育部區塊鏈1+X教育 ··························································122

6.2.4 人才先行還是產業先行 ···························································123

6.3 區塊鏈人才 ·············································································124

6.3.1 區塊鏈人才“定義” ·······························································124

6.3.2 企業、社會和高校的需求 ························································126

6.3.3 應該怎麽學習區塊鏈 ·······························································126

6.3.4 應該從事什麽樣的區塊鏈崗位 ················································128

第7章 區塊鏈賦能產業

7.1 區塊鏈建立可信的產業生態 ···················································130

7.2 區塊鏈產業目前面臨的問題 ···················································132

7.3 房屋租賃+區塊鏈 ··································································134

7.4 電子票+區塊鏈 ······································································135

7.5 長租房+區塊鏈 ······································································136

7.6 預付款+區塊鏈 ······································································138

7.7 多平臺積分一體化 ··································································140

7.8 數據共享+區塊鏈 ··································································142

7.9 游戲+區塊鏈 ·········································································143

7.10 公鏈和聯盟鏈 ········································································144

7.11 總結 ·······················································································146

第8章 區塊鏈的關鍵技術與思考

8.1 區塊鏈的系統架構 ··································································148

8.1.1 比特幣的系統架構 ···································································148

8.1.2 以太坊與智能合約 ···································································150

8.1.3 Hyperledger技術體系 ······························································152

8.1.4 Fisco Bcos技術體系 ································································156

8.1.5 螞蟻鏈技術體系 ······································································159

8.2 智能合約 ·················································································160

8.2.1 智能合約的概念 ······································································161

8.2.2 以太坊與Solidity語言概述 ·····················································164

8.2.3 EVM與智能合約應用 ·····························································166

8.2.4 智能合約的實際應用場景 ························································169

8.3 共識算法 ·················································································171

8.3.1 共識算法—構築區塊鏈信任的基石 ·····································171

8.3.2 PoW(工作量證明) ·······························································173

8.3.3 PoS(權益證明) ····································································174

8.3.4 DPoS(委托權益證明) ··························································177

8.3.5 PBFT(實用拜占庭容錯算法)···············································179

8.3.6 Raft算法 ··················································································180

8.4 區塊鏈的技術思考 ··································································183

8.4.1 溯源 ·························································································184

8.4.2 可信 ·························································································185

8.4.3 防篡改 ·····················································································187

8.4.4 跨信任主體的信息傳遞性 ························································189

8.4.5 分佈式賬本 ··············································································191

第9章 基於區塊鏈的未來虛擬世界

9.1 Metaverse(元宇宙)未來的可能性 ···············································196

9.2 區塊鏈支撐的虛擬物品 ···························································198

9.2.1 資產的所有權 ··········································································198

9.2.2 資產的流動性 ··········································································199

9.2.3 知識產權的互通性 ···································································200

9.2.4 透明的游戲規則 ······································································200

9.2.5 虛擬內容產生激勵 ···································································201

9.2.6 玩家參與,玩家治理 ·······························································201

9.2.7 區塊鏈上的盲盒經濟 ·······························································202

9.3 區塊鏈市場分析和游戲類型 ···················································203

9.3.1 市場分析 ··················································································203

9.3.2 用戶畫像 ··················································································204

9.3.3 區塊鏈游戲類型 ······································································206

9.3.4 區塊鏈上的博彩產業 ·······························································207

9.4 NFT是不是一個泡沫 ······························································208

9.5 支撐虛擬世界的區塊鏈的不可能三角問題 ·····························209

9.5.1 安全性(Security) ·································································209

9.5.2 可拓展性(Scalability) ··························································210

9.5.3 去中心化(Decentralization) ·················································211

9.5.4 下一代區塊鏈 ··········································································212

9.6 結語·························································································213