The Visual Neurosciences

Leo M. Chalupa, John S. Werner

  • 出版商: MIT
  • 出版日期: 2003-11-21
  • 售價: $6,800
  • 貴賓價: 9.5$6,460
  • 語言: 英文
  • 頁數: 1808
  • 裝訂: Hardcover
  • ISBN: 0262033089
  • ISBN-13: 9780262033084

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Description:

Visual science is the model system for neuroscience, its findings relevant to all other areas. This massive collection of papers by leading researchers in the field will become an essential reference for researchers and students in visual neuroscience, and will be of importance to researchers and professionals in other disciplines, including molecular and cellular biology, cognitive science, ophthalmology, psychology, computer science, optometry, and education.

Over 100 chapters cover the entire field of visual neuroscience, from its historical foundations to the latest research and findings in molecular mechanisms and network modeling. The book is organized by topic--different sections cover such subjects as the history of vision science; developmental processes; retinal mechanisms and processes; organization of visual pathways; subcortical processing; processing in the primary visual cortex; detection and sampling; brightness and color; form, shape,and object recognition; motion, depth, and spatial relationships; eye movements; attention and cognition; and theoretical and computational perspectives. The list of contributors includes leading international researchers in visual science.

Leo M. Chalupa is Professor in the Department of Ophthalmalogy and the Section of Neurobiology, Physiology, and Behavior at the University of California, Davis.

John S. Werner is Professor in the Department of Ophthalmalogy and the Section of Neurobiology, Physiology, and Behavior at the University of California, Davis.

 

Table of Contents:

 

Preface xiii
 
I. HISTORICAL FOUNDATIONS 1
 
1. Vision Structure and Function: The Early History
Mitchell Glickstein
3
 
2. The Role of Single-Unit Analysis in the Past and Future of Neurobiology
Horace Barlow
14
 
II. DEVELOPMENTAL PROCESSES 31
 
3. Molecular Regulation of Vertebrate Retinal Development
Colin J. Barnstable
33
 
4. Neurotrophins, Electrical Activity, and the Development of Visual Function
Nicoletta Berardi and Lamberto Maffei
46
 
5. Developmental and Genetic Control of Cell Number in the Retina
Robert W. Williams and Sally A. Moody
63
 
6. Development of the Vertebrate Retina
Rachel O.L. Wong and Leanne Godinho
77
 
7. The Development of Retinal Decussations
Carol Mason and Lynda Erskine
94
 
8. The Development of Eye-Specific Segregation in the Retino-Geniculo-Striate Pathway
Barbara Chapman
108
 
9. The Role of Neural Activity in the Development of Orientation Selectivity
Chiayu Chiu and Michael Weliky
117
 
10. Mechanisms of Plasticity in the Visual Cortex
Nigel W. Daw
126
 
11. Ontogenesis of Cortical Connectivity
Henry Kennedy and Andreas Burkhalter
146
 
12. Neural Limitations on Visual Development in Primates
Lynne Kiorpes and J. Anthony Movshon
159
 
13. Development of Spatial Selectivity and Response Timing in Humans
Anthony M. Norcia
174
 
14. The Effects of Selected Forms of Early Visual Deprivation on Perception
Donald E. Mitchell
189
 
15. Toward a Future for Aging Eyes
R.A. Weale
205
 
III. RETINAL MECHANISMS AND PROCESSES 213
 
16. Visual Transduction by Rod and Cone Photoreceptors
Mary E. Burns and Trevor D. Lamb
215
 
17. How Retinal Circuits Optimize the Transfer of Visual Information
Peter Sterling
234
 
18. ON and OFF Pathways in the Vertebrate Retina and Visual System
Ralph Nelson and Helga Kolb
260
 
19. Retinal Synapses
Martin Wilson
279
 
20. Retinal Neurotransmitters
Robert E. Marc
304
 
21. Excitation in the Retina: The Flow, Filtering, and Molecules of Visual Signaling in the Glutamatergic Pathways from Photoreceptors to Ganglion Cells
David R. Copenhagen
320
 
22. Peptide and Peptide Receptor Expression and Function in the Vertebrate Retina
Nicholas C. Brecha
334
 
23. Inhibition in the Retina
Malcolm M. Slaughter
355
 
24. Anatomy, Circuitry, and Physiology of Vertebrate Horizontal Cells
Ido Perlman, Helga Kolb and Ralph Nelson
369
 
25. Retinal Amacrine Cells
David I. Vaney
395
 
26. Ganglion Cells in Mammalian Retinae
Paul R. Martin and Ulrike Grunert
410
 
27. Retinal Ganglion Cell Excitability
Andrew T. Ishida
422
 
28. Direction Selectivity in Retinal Ganglion Cells
Richard H. Masland
451
 
29. Spatial Regularity among Retinal Neurons
Jeremy E. Cook
463
 
IV. ORGANIZATION OF VISUAL PATHWAYS 479
 
30. The M, P, and K Pathways of the Primate Visual System
Ehud Kaplan
481
 
31. Parallel Visual Pathways: A Comparative Perspective
Vivien A. Casagrande and Xiangmin Xu
494
 
32. Organization of Visual Areas in Macaque and Human Cerebral Cortex
David C. Van Essen
507
 
33. Communications between Cortical Areas of the Visual System
Jean Bullier
522
 
34. Ventral and Dorsal Cortical Processing Streams
Leslie G. Ungerleider and Tatiana Pasternak
541
 
V. SUBCORTICAL PROCESSING 563
 
35. The Visual Relays in the Thalamus
S. Murray Sherman and R.W. Guillery
565
 
36. The Visual Functions of the Pulvinar
Christian Casanova
592
 
37. Feedback Systems in Visual Processing
Adam M. Sillito and Helen E. Jones
609
 
38. Light Responsiveness and Photic Entrainment of the Mammalian Circadian Clock
Johanna H. Meijer and Joseph S. Takahashi
626
 
39. Learning from the Pupil: Studies of Basic Mechanisms and Clinical Applications
John L. Barbur
641
 
40. Blindsight
Larry Weiskrantz
657
 
VI. PROCESSING IN PRIMARY VISUAL CORTEX 671
 
41. Functional Connectivity in the Pathway from Retina to Striate Cortex
R. Clay Reid and W. Martin Usrey
673
 
42. Cell Types and Local Circuits in Primary Visual Cortex of the Macaque Monkey
Edward M. Callaway
680
 
43. Assembly of Receptive Fields in Primary Visual Cortex
David Ferster
695
 
44. A Modern View of the Classical Receptive Field: Linear and Nonlinear Spatiotemporal Processing by V1 Neurons
Gregory C. DeAngelis and Akiyuki Anzai
704
 
45. Beyond the Classical Receptive Field: Contextual Modulation of V1 Responses
Victor A. F. Lamme
720
 
46. Contributions of Vertical and Horizontal Circuits to the Response Properties of Neurons in Primary Visual Cortex
Thomas R. Tucker and David Fitzpatrick
733
 
47. Nonlinear Properties of Visual Cortex Neurons: Temporal Dynamics, Stimulus Selectivity, Neural Performance
Duane G. Albrecht, Wilson S. Geisler and Alison M. Crane
747
 
48. Binocular Interaction in the Visual Cortex
Ralph D. Freeman
765
 
49. From Binocular Disparity to the Perception of Stereoscopic Depth
Andrew J. Parker
779
 
VII DETECTION AND SAMPLING 793
 
50. Formation and Acquisition of the Retinal Image
David R. Williams and Heidi Hofer
795
 
51. Thresholds and Noise
Theodore E. Cohn
811
 
52. Ideal Observer Analysis
Wilson S. Geisler
825
 
53. Scotopic Vision
Walter Makous
838
 
54. Visual Adaptation
Adam Reeves
851
 
55. Rod-Cone Interactions in Human Vision
Steven L. Buck
863
 
VIII. BRIGHTNESS AND COLOR 879
 
56. Brightness and Lightness
Adriana Fiorentini
881
 
57. Color Appearance
Kenneth Knoblauch and Steven K. Shevell
892
 
58. Chromatic Discrimination
Joel Pokorny and Vivianne C. Smith
908
 
59. The Role of Color in Spatial Vision
Karen K. De Valois
924
 
60. Pattern-Selective Adaptation in Color and Form Perception
Michael A. Webster
936
 
61. Color Constancy
David H. Brainard
948
 
62. Comparative Color Vision
Gerald H. Jacobs
962
 
63. Molecular Genetics of Human Color Vision and Color Vision Defects
Maureen Neitz and Jay Neitz
974
 
64. Linking Retinal Circuits to Color Opponency
David J. Calkins
989
 
65. Neural Coding of Color
Russell L. De Valois
1003
 
66. The Processing of Color in Extrastriate Cortex
Karl R. Gegenfurtner and Daniel C. Kiper
1017
 
67. Improbable Areas in Color Vision
Semir Zeki
1029
 
IX. FORM, SHAPE, AND OBJECT RECOGNITION 1041
 
68. Spatial Scale in Visual Processing
Robert F. Hess
1043
 
69. Spatial Channels in Vision and Spatial Pooling
Hugh R. Wilson and Frances Wilkinson
1060
 
70. Contour Integration and the Lateral Connections of V1 Neurons
David J. Field and Anthony Hayes
1069
 
71. Shape Dimensions and Object Primitives
Charles E. Connor
1080
 
72. Shape and Shading
Jan J. Koenderink and Andrea J. van Doorn
1090
 
73. Visual Perception of Texture
Michael S. Landy and Norma Graham
1106
 
74. Visual Segmentation and Illusory Contours
Robert Shapley, Nava Rubin and Dario Ringach
1119
 
75. Global Yet Early Processing of Visual Surfaces
Yukiyasu Kamitani and Shinsuke Shimojo
1129
 
76. Image Parsing Mechanisms of the Visual Cortex
Rudiger von der Heydt
1139
 
77. Inferotemporal Response Properties
Keiji Tanaka
1151
 
78. Invariant Object and Face Recognition
Edmond T. Rolls
1165
 
79. The Ventral Visual Object Pathway in Humans: Evidence from fMRI
Nancy G. Kanwisher
1179
 
X. MOTION, DEPTH, AND SPATIAL RELATIONS 1191
 
80. Motion Cues in Insect Vision and Navigation
Mandayam A. Srinivasan and Shaowu Zhang
1193
 
81. The Middle Temporal Area: Motion Processing and the Link to Perception
Kenneth H. Britten
1203
 
82. Merging Processing Streams: Color Cues for Motion Detection and Interpretation
Karen R. Dobkins and Thomas D. Albright
1217
 
83. Functional Mapping of Motion Regions
Guy A. Orban and Wim Vanduffel
1229
 
84. Optic Flow
William H. Warren
1247
 
85. The Cortical Analysis of Optic Flow
Charles J. Duffy
1260
 
86. The Perceptual Organization of Depth
Roland Fleming and Barton L. Anderson
1284
 
87. Stereoopsis
Clifton M. Schor
1300
 
88. Binocular Rivalry
Randolph Blake
1313
 
89. Sensorimotor Transformation in the Posterior Parietal Cortex
Hans Scherberger and Richard A. Andersen
1324
 
XI. EYE MOVEMENTS 1337
 
90. Gaze Control under Natural Conditions
Robert M. Steinman
1339
 
91. Eye Movements in Daily Life
Michael F. Land
1357
 
92. Selection of Targets for Saccadic Eye Movements
Jeffery D. Schall
1369
 
93. Visual Perception during Saccades
David C. Burr and M. Concetta Morrone
1391
 
94. Smooth Pursuit Eye Movements: Recent Advances
Stephen J. Heinen and Edward L. Keller
1402
 
95. Neural Control of Vergence Eye Movements
Lawrence E. Mays
1415
 
96. The Primate Frontal Eye Field
Charles J. Bruce, Harriet R. Friedman, Michael S. Kraus and Gregory B. Stanton
1428
 
97. Changing Views of the Role of Superior Colliculus in the Control of Gaze
Neeraj J. Gandhi and David L. Sparks
1449
 
98. The Dialogue between Cerebral Cortex and Superior Colliculus: Implications for Saccadic Target Selection and Corollary Discharge
Marc A. Sommer and Robert H. Wurtz
1466
 
99. Cerebellar Control of Eye Movements
David S. Zee and Mark F. Walker
1485
 
XII. ATTENTION AND COGNITION 1499
 
100. Visual Perception and Cognition in Honeybees
Shaowu Zhang and Mandayam A. Srinivasan
1501
 
101. A Neural Basis for Human Visual Attention
Sabine Kastner
1514
 
102. Neural and Behavioral Measures of Change Detection
Daniel J. Simons and Michael Silverman
1524
 
103. The Role of Attention in Visual Cerebral Cortex
John H.R. Maunsell
1538
 
104. Volition and the Prefrontal Cortex
Earl K. Miller and Jonathan D. Wallis
1546
 
XIII THEORETICAL AND COMPUTATIONAL PERSPECTIVES 1561
 
105. The Evolution of the Visual System in Primates
Jon H. Kaas
1563
 
106. Gestalt Factors in the Visual Neurosciences
Lothar Spillmann and Walter H. Ehrenstein
1573
 
107. Neural Mechanisms of Natural Scene Perception
Jack L. Gallant
1590
 
108. Principles of Image Representation in Visual Cortex
Bruno A. Olshausen
1603
 
109 Local Analysis of Visual Motion
Eero P. Simonocelli
1616
 
110. Visual Boundaries and Surfaces
Stephen Grossberg
1624
 
111. How the Visual Cortex Recognizes Objects: The Tale of the Standard Model
Maximilian Riesenhuber and Tomaso Poggio
1640
 
112. Plasticity of Orientation Processing in Adult Visual Cortex
Valentin Dragoi and Mriganka Sur
1654
 
113. Synchrony, Oscillations, and Relational Codes
Wolf Singer
1665
 
114. The Neuronal Basis of Visual Consciousness
Christof Koch and Francis C. Crick
1682
 
  List of Contributors C1
 
  Index I1