Chemical Process Safety: Fundamentals with Applications, 3/e (Paperback)

Daniel A. Crowl , Joseph F. Louvar

  • 出版商: Pearson FT Press
  • 出版日期: 2011-01-01
  • 售價: $1,340
  • 貴賓價: 9.8$1,313
  • 語言: 英文
  • 頁數: 730
  • ISBN: 0132782839
  • ISBN-13: 9780132782838

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The Leading Guide To Process Safety Now Extensively Updated For Today’s Processes And Systems

As chemical processes have grown more complex, so have the safety systems required to prevent accidents. Chemical Process Safety, Third Edition,offers students a more fundamental and engineering science based understanding of safety and the application required to safely design and manage today’s sophisticated processes.

The third edition continues the definitive standard of the previous editions. The content has been extensively updated to today’s fundamentals, techniques and procedures, and two new chapters have been added. A new chapter on chemical reactivity provides the information necessary to identify, characterize, control, and manage reactive chemical hazards. A new chapter on safety procedures and designs includes new content on safely management, and specific procedures including hot work permits, lock-tag-try, and vessel entry.


  • New chapter on Chemical Reactivity
  • New chapter on Safe Design Features and Procedures
  • Extensively updated content including 427 equations
  • Over 400 numerically based homework problems
  • Power Point Slides and an instructor's solutions manual available for course use

New to This Edition

This revision adds new material but also removes some material that has not been used much. The material added includes a completely new chapter on chemical reactivity. This issue has become very important to industry and chemical engineering practice due to a number of large accidents. The authors also have consolidated some material that was scattered throughout the text into a new chapter on Safe Design Features and Procedures. They have also added some new content here on procedures, since this was never covered in any previous editions of the text. They deleted the existing chapter on accident investigations - the design content contained in there has been moved to the new chapter on Safe Design Features and Procedures.


Table of Contents

Preface         xv

About the Authors         xvii

On the Cover         xviii

Nomenclature         xix



Chapter 1: Introduction          1

1-1 Safety Programs   2

1-2 Engineering Ethics   4

1-3 Accident and Loss Statistics   4

1-4 Acceptable Risk   12

1-5 Public Perceptions   14

1-6 The Nature of the Accident Process   15

1-7 Inherent Safety   20

1-8 Seven Significant Disasters   23

Suggested Reading   31

Problems   32


Chapter 2: Toxicology         37

2-1 How Toxicants Enter Biological Organisms   38

2-2 How Toxicants Are Eliminated from Biological Organisms   41

2-3 Effects of Toxicants on Biological Organisms   42

2-4 Toxicological Studies   43

2-5 Dose versus Response   44

2-6 Models for Dose and Response Curves   50

2-7 Relative Toxicity   56

2-8 Threshold Limit Values   56

2-9 National Fire Protection Association (NFPA) Diamond   58

On-Line Resources   59

Suggested Reading   60

Problems   60


Chapter 3: Industrial Hygiene         65

3-1 Government Regulations   66

3-2 Industrial Hygiene: Anticipation and Identification   78

3-3 Industrial Hygiene: Evaluation   84

3-4 Industrial Hygiene: Control   99

On-Line Resources   109

Suggested Reading   109

Problems   110


Chapter 4: Source Models         119

4-1 Introduction to Source Models   119

4-2 Flow of Liquid through a Hole   122

4-3 Flow of Liquid through a Hole in a Tank   126

4-4 Flow of Liquids through Pipes   131

4-5 Flow of Gases or Vapors through Holes   140

4-6 Flow of Gases or Vapors through Pipes   146

4-7 Flashing Liquids   163

4-8 Liquid Pool Evaporation or Boiling   169

4-9 Realistic and Worst-Case Releases   170

4-10 Conservative Analysis   172

Suggested Reading   173

Problems   174